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The British Pound has suffered notable losses during the first week of April, declines that come just weeks ahead of crucial Scottish parliamentary elections that are expected to result in a big win for pro-independence parties.
Current polling puts the SNP party of Nicola Sturgeon in line for a majority in Hollyrood, while other pro-independence parties such as the Greens and Alex Salmond's Alba Party could offer further support to a so-called super majority for independence.
"The approaching Scottish parliamentary elections in early-May are the next important political event risks for the GBP," says Stephen Gallo, European Head of FX Strategy at BMO Capital Markets.
The Pound declined as uncertainty concerning the outcome of the 2014 independence plebiscite built, with a sharp rally occurring after it was clear the independence movement lead by Alex Salmond had been defeated.
This post-vote reaction confirms the Pound tends to trade at a discount when political uncertainty becomes elevated, and this uncertainty is likely to build again over coming weeks and potentially months if fears for Scottish independence build.
"According to the latest polls, the upcoming local elections in Scotland could give a supermajority to the pro-independence parties – the SNP, the Greens and the newly-formed Alba party," says Valentin Marinov, Head of G10 FX Strategy at Crédit Agricole.
"There doesn’t seem to be that many positives left for the GBP," he adds.
GBP/EUR Forecasts 2021
Period: Q2 2021 Onwards
GBP/USD Forecasts 2021
Period: Q2 2021 Onwards
Sturgeon and the SNP continue to poll well ahead of the May 06 vote, and the latest Opinium poll for Sky News shows the pro-independence party will be likely to gain a majority.
In the constituencies vote, the SNP is up +7 points since the last poll according to Opinium, with 53% of the vote share, while the Conservatives have 21% (-3) and Labour have 18% (-2).
In the regional vote, the SNP have 44% (+2), while the Tories are on 22% (no change), and Labour are on 17% (-2).
If such an outcome were to be repeated in May the SNP are expected to say they have a mandate to hold a fresh referendum on independence.
"I strongly suspect, based on some of what I hear that is under discussion in the depths of the Tory party and Whitehall at the moment, that they know an independence referendum is coming," Sturgeon told the Scottish Parliamentary Journalists’ Association on Thursday.
Support for leaving the Union in Scotland is in the lead in the latest round of polling from Ipsos MORI, released this week.
According to the poll, among those likely to vote in an independence referendum, 52% say they would vote Yes while 48% would vote No.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson has repeatedly said he would not agree to a referendum, but Sturgeon told the Scottish Parliamentary Journalists’ Association:
"We would take the legislation through Holyrood and if Boris Johnson wanted to stop that he would presumably have to try to legally challenge that, in which case we would vigorously defend our position. But that would be an absurd position for a prime minister to get himself into in the face of a democratic majority."
Above: Collation of independence polls shows Scotland would vote for independence if a referendum to be held now. Image courtesy of New Statesman.
"At some point, we think the FX market will take more notice of the Scottish factor, leading to a slower pace of GBP appreciation," says Gallo.
"A vote for the SNP in the May elections is not the same thing as a vote for Scottish independence, but we are convinced there will be a Scottish referendum at some point if the SNP achieves a majority in May. The referendum may not be held until mid-2022 at the earliest, but FX markets will probably trade the size of the pro-independence majority in early-May," he adds.
At the time of writing the Pound-to-Euro exchange rate is quoted at 1.1500 as a multi-day sell-off extends.
The Pound-to-Dollar exchange rate is quoted at 1.3676.